development zones (urban)

development zones (urban)
‘Development zones’ (fazhanqu) are areas developed to attract foreign direct investment and economic development. A development zone may be called Special Economic Zone, Economic Development Zone, Technology Development Zone or Industrial Park. From 1980, when the Chinese government decided to establish ‘special economic zones’, to 2001, China had established and officially recognized about 200 development zones to attract investment from overseas and to promote economic development. Five Special Economic Zones established in the early 1980s were located in Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shantou, Xiamen and Hainan. There are both national and regional development zones. National Development Zones currently include thirty-five Economic and Technological Development Zones, twelve Bonded Zones and thirteen Border Economic Cooperation Zones.
In addition, more than 140 Regional Development Zones are spread across the country.
Economic development zones have played an important role in attracting foreign direct investment and restructuring the Chinese economy from a central planning system to a market-oriented system. The government provides incentives to foreign investors in the fields of land management, urban service, legal protection, and income and customs taxes. Multiple modes of ownership, including foreign ownership and joint venture between foreign-owned and domestic-owned firms, have been developed. A labour contracting system has replaced the government assignment system. Moreover, developmental zones have had important impacts on Chinese experiences of urban space. Millions of migrants, most of whom are from rural areas, work in development zones. Some special economic development zones like the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone have become tourist attractions.

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • urban planning — n. the study or profession dealing with the growth and functioning of cities and towns, including environmental concerns, zoning, the infrastructure, etc. urban planner n. * * * Programs pursued as a means of improving the urban environment and… …   Universalium

  • Urban planning — Housing and Urban Development redirects here. For the Cabinet department of the United States government, see United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. Urban planning designs settlements, from the smallest towns to the largest… …   Wikipedia

  • urban revolution — ▪ anthropology       in anthropology and archaeology, the processes by which agricultural village societies developed into socially, economically, and politically complex urban societies. The term urban revolution was introduced by the… …   Universalium

  • Urban Enterprise Zone — Urban Enterprise Zones (UEZs) also known as Enterprise Zones encourage development in blighted neighborhoods by offering entrepreneurs and investors tax and regulatory relief if they start businesses in the area. In other countries, a region that …   Wikipedia

  • Urban sprawl — Urban sprawl, also known as suburban sprawl, is the spreading of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. [ What is Sprawl?] . . Retrieved on 2008 02 07.]… …   Wikipedia

  • Urban planning in communist countries — was subject to the ideological constraints of the system. Except for the Soviet Union where the communist regime started in 1917, in Eastern Europe communist governments took power after World War II. The ideological guidelines generated in… …   Wikipedia

  • Urban agriculture — and Peri Urban Agriculture is the practice of cultivating, processing and distributing food in, or around (peri urban), a village, town or city. [Bailkey, M. and J. Nasr. 2000. From Brownfields to Greenfields: Producing Food in North American… …   Wikipedia

  • Urban planning in Singapore — has formulated and guided its physical development from the day the modern city state was founded in 1819 as a British colony to the developed, independent country it is today. Urban planning is especially important due to land constraints and… …   Wikipedia

  • Urban morphology — is the study of the physical form of a city, which consists of street patterns and shapes, urban design, building sizes and shapes, architecture, population density and patterns of residential, commercial, industrial and other uses, among other… …   Wikipedia

  • Development Guide Plan — Singapore is divided into 55 urban planning areas, each with a Development Guide Plan. A Development Guide Plan (Abbreviation: DGP; Chinese: 发展指导蓝图) is a detailed urban land use plan for each of the 55 areas in Singapore designated by the Urban… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”